Adoption Agencies: Public Vs Private
If you are contemplating adopting a child, it’s good idea to have an agency to facilitate the process. Agencies have experience in matching children with parents and dealing with the legalities involved in adopting a child.
There are two types of adoption agencies, private and public. This article will discuss the differences between the two so you can determine which type is best for your situation.
Private agencies are typically owned and operated by nonprofit organizations or charities. They are typically much more selective than public adoption agencies due to the fact that they have a large number of parents who are looking to adopt from a smaller pool of children.
Private agencies tend to deal with younger children, typically infants. Additionally, private agencies provide more resources for both parties. This usually includes counseling, advice, etc.
Private organizations generally use the following criteria to select the adoptive parents:
- Sexual orientation
- Personal history
- Marital status
Public agencies are organizations that are run by your state government. They typically facilitate foster care for children who are orphaned or abandoned.
The children in public adoption agencies are usually older. They typically do not provide adoptions for infants or other smaller children.
Public organizations do not normally offer the services that private institutions provide. This means that you will have to get educated on the adoption process on your own.
When it comes to expense, private agencies are much more expensive than public agencies. Private agencies usually cover expenses related to medical costs for the birth mother, living expenses, and counseling.
Private agencies usually charge a flat fee for the entire adoption process. Others, however, may add the cost of the birth mother’s care to the fee. If you adopt a child through a private agency, you will pay about $34,000.
Public agencies are much less expensive. They usually will not require any payment to handle the adoption process. Since they do not provide most of the services that private agencies provide, they are able to handle the adoption without charging much.
When you are adopting a child through an agency, there is usually a waiting period. The length of these waiting periods can vary depending on the type of agency you use. Private agencies are typically quicker. The average private adoption can take anywhere from 1 month to a full year. The length of time for a public adoption can be anywhere from 1 month to 5 years.
Degree Of Uncertainty
There is a risk that the birth parents will decide not to give their child up for adoption. This creates a sense of uncertainty in any adoption process. The degree of uncertainty is different for public and private adoptions. Private adoption agencies have a lower level of uncertainty than public adoptions. Private adoptions are much more likely to succeed than public adoptions are, which make them a more reliable solution.
The services that private adoption agencies provide are designed to lower the risk of a failed adoption. This is why they provide counseling to both the adoptive parents and the birth parents. Public adoptions are much less certain than private adoptions. Foster parents tend to have much less control over the process than they would in private adoptions.
If you adopt a foster child, you won’t know how long you will actually be able to parent the child. If the child’s birth parents follow the guidelines needed to comply with the reintegration plan of the state, they will be given custody over their child. If this happens, you will need to go through the adoption process again. However, if the birth parents do decide to relinquish their parental rights, you may be able to legally complete the adoption. Even so, this is not guaranteed in a public adoption.
If you have other questions, try contacting a company like Family Creations Adoptions to learn more.